The foundation of an effective skincare regimen, superior cleansing gently lifts away oil and water-based impurities that contribute to dull, flaky and blemish-prone skin. Cleansers basically consist of oil, water and surfactants. The oil dissolves the oil on the face; the surfactants dissolve everything else; water washes it all away. Facial cleansers come in many varieties such as creams, lotions, milk, gel or gentle foam wash allow pores to breath by ridding the skin’s surface of excess dirt and oil. Use one that suits your skin type.


Toning restores skin to its optimum pH level in preparation of effective moisturizing and is necessary to clean up or remove any dirt, grime or residue from the facial cleanser that may not have rinsed out properly. A Toner contain of botanical extracts can assist penetration of serums or moisturizers which means complete absorption of the potent nutrients in these products. So if you truly are interested in seeing results from your serum or moisturizer, tone before using them.


Poor diet, the environment and your genes can all affect how much moisture your skin has at any given time. Moisturizers contain varying proportions of oil, water, botanicals, and other natural ingredients. They are used to lubricate, nourish, soothe, protect, and hydrate the skin. These creams are essentially oil-in-water emulsion, consisting of tiny droplets of oil held in a watery base, rather like salad dressings: in these emulsions the watery part is called the continuous phase. An alternative type of moisturizer is a water-in-oil emulsion, in which the oily part forms the continuous phase. These tend to be heavier and more greasy, and are aesthetically more suitable for use on the dry skin of the hands, as more of the product remains on the skin and minimizes the loss of barrier lipids on subsequent washing or sweating. Modern oil-in-water emulsions can penetrate well into the skin and can be considered for use on dry skin, particularly on the face, where the greasy nature of water-in-oil products may be found unpleasant. Most moisturizers contain substances called humectants. These are substances that are capable of attracting water, and which so help to conserve the water in the skin. A common example is glycerine. Moisturizers should leave the skin feeling supple, soft, and nourished, not clogged or greasy. Keeping your skin hydrated is important in maintaining its appearance and health, and is a crucial step in your daily skin care regimen. Signs of premature aging like fine lines and wrinkles are signs that your skin is not getting enough moisture. Be sure to determine your skin’s needs, and then invest in a good moisturizer to use during the day and at night.
Before we start with the proper daily 3-step skincare routine, you’ll need to know your skin type. How you care for your skin is utterly dependent on the type of skin you have: oily, normal/combination, dry, sensitive or sun- damaged.